Early efforts to integrate freed slaves largely failed. [5], 24. Arkansas (/ ˈ ɑːr k ən s ɔː /) is a state in the south central United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Arkansas Fun Facts. After it returned to the union, the economic and social life was down in Arkansas because the people relied so much on the plantation and slavery. We have 5 guest suites each complete with private bathroom, seasonal fireplace, and whirlpool tub. In the past, the people relied their life on the plantation. [9,22], 6. Arkansas is actually a large producer of honey and in 2001, was ranked 8. It is bordered by Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, as well as Tennessee and Mississippi on the east. 5. [4], 9. The Mississippi River is the second-longest river in the United States. The word “Arkansas” is pronounced with a silent “s” at the end. The name Arkansas is derived from the word. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. If you’ve ever wondered about Arkansas history, there are some pretty interesting facts about how the state of Arkansas came to be. We invite you to come and visit Arkansas and check out the beauty for yourself. The Presidential Clinton Library in Little Rock is a major tourist attraction. [23], 7. By Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh Arkansas MC Mocktalk the northern mockingbird shows Barry the bald eagle around Arkansas, known as the Natural State. The name Arkansas came from the Quapaw Indians, by way of early French explorers. All Rights Reserved. Did you know that the first WalMart was opened in 1962 by Sam Walton in Rogers, Arkansas? [1], 10. The state is known for its beautiful lakes, rivers, and hot springs. Arkansas - Arkansas - History: Arkansas’s earliest inhabitants included indigenous hunting-and-gathering peoples whose cultures flourished about 500 ce. [1], 15. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". As of 1 January 2018, the population of Arkansas was estimated to be 3,004,279. If you are interested to know more about the history of Little Rock, you may come to the historic neighborhoods, historic districts and history museums. This event marked an important milestone in the nation’s civil rights movement. The diamond mine is the only in the world that allows the public to keep what they find. Did you know that Arkansas was ranked number 8th on the list of the states with most underprivileged children? The honeybee has great attention to detail and works hard on crop pollination. In the 1980’s the state was given the nickname by the Arkansas Parks System. Flickr/Jimmy Emmerson DVM. Arkansas is also the only state in North America where you can find a diamond field. Arkansas is the only US State that produces diamonds. The Arkansas River is the longest stream to flow into the Mississippi-Missouri river system. Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the state was occupied by Union troops. Its name is an Algonquian name of the Quapaw Indians. The Arkansas state musical instrument is the fiddle. Interestingly, it is against state law to mispronounce the word “Arkansas” while in the state. The name Arkansas is derived from the word acansaw which means downstream place. Arkansas imports a lot of coal from Wyoming and thus uses it for producing energy to meet the demand of its inhabitants. Tourists really liked it, so it stuck. history.com. It was covered by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico until about 50 million years ago. [7], 23. Did you know that Little Rock (the state’s capital) derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the “Little Rock”.[14]. In the early 20th century, ostrich racing was a popular sport at Cockburn’s Ostrich Farm in Hot Springs. Its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation; it denoted their related kin, the Quapaw people. The design for the state flag of Arkansas was chosen by contest in 1913, and honors the state’s diamond mining history by portraying the state’s name in the center of a diamond. From how the state got its nickname to how Little Rock became the capital, it all dates back to the early 1800’s. [1], 19. The land of the Hot Springs National Park was set aside by the federal government for its use as an area for recreation. President Clinton was one of the most popular presidents in modern history and has since brought a lot of clout and development to his home state. Elevations in the state range from 54 feet above sea level in the far southeast corner to 2,753 feet above at Mount Magazine, the state's highest point. The largest diamond ever discovered in North America was found in Crater of Diamonds State Park in 1924. 40. facts about arkansas history 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. With the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the onslaught of the Reconstruction days, as they were called, commenced and many prominent changes occurred. The state flower was established back in 1901. [1], 17. Rice production reportedly began in Arkansas in 1902 with one acre of rice grown in Lonoke County. [6], 4. Clay. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. Arkansas is home to 4 species of the pine including the Shortleaf pine, Loblolly pine, Longleaf pine, and Slash pine. 12. 1. No doubt, Arkansas is the largest producer of rice among the 50 states. Arkansas Historical Quarterly is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal, issued quarterly by the Arkansas Historical Association, that “covers economic, political, and cultural history of Arkansas from pre-history to contemporary issues.” (description from Ulrichsweb) Fun Facts. Brutal Facts About Arkansas’ Elaine Massacre. It is the 33rd most populous state in the United States. Here Arsenic and Old Lace we are set in the Ozark Mountains of Eureka Springs. Arkansas (AR): Map, Abbreviation, State, History and Facts Arkansas State. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. The observatory began in 1971 and it was established by P. Clay Sherrod and his brother, Brian Sherrod. Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. Arkansas is a state located in the Southern region of the United States. Arkansas (nicknamed: “the Natural State”, “Land of Opportunity”) has 75 counties. [1], 14. 10,000 BC - The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters. However, it is also one of the most generous states. 1819 - The Arkansas Territory is established by the U.S. Congress. In years past, Arkansas was a large producer of apples. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. Other nicknames in the past have included the Wonder State, Rackensack, the Bear State and the Toothpick State. The honeybee is the Arkansas state insect. County Population Facts. [8], 25. 30. The land rose during periods of tectonic uplift, and water in the Gulf of Mexico retreated to near its present position. It is interesting to note here that Walmart employes a staggering 2.3 million associates around the world, out of which 1.5 million are employed in the U.S. More Arkansas History Firsts & State Facts. The state is also home to some 300 native species of birds including bald eagles, blue jays, flycatchers and more. Annual Reports Arkansas Fact Sheets Bulletins County Geologic Reports Educational Workshop Series Geologic Field Books Guide Books Industrial Mineral Reports Information Circulars Miscellaneous Publications Open-File Reports Roadside Geology Series State Park Series USGS Grants Water Circulars Water Summaries The name Arkansas comes from an Indian word that means down-stream people. 1868 - Arkansas is readmitted to the Union. Arkansas is the Natural State indeed. [15], 5. Pulaski County (382,748) is the most populated county in Arkansas. Established near the mouth of the Arkansas River in 1686, Arkansas Post was the first permanent white settlement in the state.. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Come learn about the geography, symbols, history, and unique features of 'The Natural State' in this lesson! Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The Arkansas state bird is the Mockingbird and has been since 1929. Arkansas is the 25th state of the United States. Arkansas-native Hattie Caraway was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in November 1932. Culture. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. Each morning begins with a gourmet breakfast to start your day off on the right foot. Little Rock is Arkansas’s state capital. Arkansas is also a leader in the production of cotton, rice, and soybeans. are: Little Rock (196,188) is in Pulaski County alone. Arkansas - Location in the US Earliest Residents. These ; Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw. Arkansas is officially known as The Natural State. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction.. Geography Bring history and geography to life with Time4Learning’s interactive online social studies curriculum for grades 2-12.. Geographical Facts About Arkansas. Willie Kavanaugh Hocker designed the flag with its outer diamond, 25 white stars and 4 blue stars within the diamond. Fur trader Henri de Tonty, the Father of Arkansas, founded the first European Settlement on the Arkansas River. 29. Arkansas’s 10 largest cities (2010.) Meteorites (the oldest known objects on the planet) weighing a couple of pounds or more fall within Arkansas about every year or two. Lafayette County (545 sq mi) is the smallest county in Arkansas. Food products are the state's largest employing sector, with lumber and wood products a close second. In Dover, Arkansas, there is an operational double-decker outhouse at the Booger Hollow Trading Post.. General Douglas MacArthur, soldier and statesman, was born in Little Rock in 1880. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. Forty Acres And A Mule? Can you locate Arkansas on this printable map of America?Arkansas is home to plenty of natural areas, with a wide range of landscapes to explore. It has over 600,000 acres of lakes. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. 1861 - Arkansas secedes from the Union and becomes a member of the Confederate States of America. About half of Arkansas is covered under forest. Did you know that Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was the first European to reach Arkansas in 1541? Miller County was formed in 1820 in the Arkansas Territory; it was named in honor General James Miller, Arkansas' first territorial governor and a general during the War of 1812.Miller County was formed although there was considerable uncertainty as to the location of the boundary between the county (and the United States) and the Mexican boundary (Mexico then included Texas). © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. As the end of the Civil War drew near in 1865, many freed slaves left their plantations to join the Union army as it pushed through Georgia. The state flag has 25 stars on it to symbolize Arkansas becoming the 25th state. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. We look forward to seeing you soon. [2], 2. [10], 27. Arkansas History. However, some historical records suggest that rice was grown in some parts of Arkansas prior to the Civil War. The Little Rock Central High School and Quapaw Quarter are … We’ve got 2.5 million acres of national forest, fifty state parks, seven national scenic byways, and three state scenic byways. A farm in Lavaca has a silo painted into a giant Budweiser beer can. It was designated in 1987. [12], 28. History. Cephas Washburn established Dwight Mission near Russellville as a school for Cherokee youth at … Check American slavery facts here. [10], 26. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. With these facts about Arkansas, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more. The Gulf Coastal Plain is an area of relatively gently sloping terrain extending across the southern portion of the United States from Texas to Georgia. 1821 - Little Rock becomes the capital. It shares its border with six states (Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.) [1,13], 16. Arkansas is known as The Natural State but has not always been referred to as that. Arkansas does not have any federally recognized lands or tribes which existed within the state. Before Arkansas was a state, Arkansas was home to only 400 residents and around 60 buildings. The state changed its nickname from “Land of Opportunity” to “The Natural State” in 1995. In 1957, for the first time in the history of the state, nine African Americans were inducted into Little Rock Central High School. [9], 8. 39. Get our guide to the best of: Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. The racial divides in the United States have a long and troubled history, beginning with slavery in the American colonies and continuing today, with police violence against African Americans and ensuing riots. History. In some years, the company became one of the largest poultry and meat processing firm in the world. Arkansas’s most important crop is rice. 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