King and his men instead spent a day searching local ranches for centralist sympathizers. [235], The area along Buffalo Bayou had many thick oak groves, separated by marshes. [236] Houston's army, comprising 900 men, reached Lynch's Ferry mid-morning on April 20; Santa Anna's 700-man force arrived a few hours later. Stephen F. Austin was a talented but unassuming lawyer when he inherited a land grant in Mexican Texas from his father. [265], For several weeks after San Jacinto, Santa Anna continued to negotiate with Houston, Rusk, and then Burnet. "[264] Spring rains ruined the ammunition and rendered the roads almost impassable, with troops sinking to their knees in mud. 0. Under the assumption that these two branches would cooperate, there was no system of checks and balances. Austin's first official order was to remind his men that they were expected to obey their commanding officers. Austin traveled to Mexico City in 1833 carrying requests to be a separate state and have reduced taxes, which resulted in being thrown in jail without charges for a year and a half  After he was released, he became one of the leading proponents of Texas Independence. "[138] In the early nineteenth century, captured pirates were executed immediately. [174], The survivors, primarily women and children, were questioned by Santa Anna and then released. Edit. [64] After a thirty-minute skirmish, the Mexican soldiers and Texian centralists retreated. [272], For years, Mexican authorities used the reconquering of Texas as an excuse for implementing new taxes and making the army the budgetary priority of the impoverished nation. Leaders in the Texas Revolution by Kelly Rodgers, 2012, Teacher Created Materials, Incorporated edition, in English [176], Urrea reached Matamoros on January 31. [48] Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea, commander of all Mexican military forces in Texas, sent a small detachment of troops to retrieve the cannon. [85] On November 26, Burleson received word that a Mexican pack train of mules and horses, accompanied by 50–100 Mexican soldiers, was within 5 miles (8.0 km) of Béxar. Mexican soldiers were taken completely by surprise. Terms in this set (10) Sam Houston. [97][100], According to Barr, the large number of American volunteers in Béxar "contributed to the Mexican view that Texian opposition stemmed from outside influences". [140] Santa Anna may also have thought Béxar would be easier to defeat, as his spies had informed him that most of the Texian army was along the coast, preparing for the Matamoros Expedition. The revolution began in October 1835, after a decade of political and cultural clashes between the Mexican government and the increasingly large population of American settlers in Texas. Remember Goliad!" This captivating biography allows readers to learn about the incredible accomplishments of these people and what they did to make an impact on the Texas Revolution. [106][107], On November 13, delegates voted to create a regular army and named Sam Houston its commander-in-chief. Mexican troops were soon out of food, and began to fall ill from dysentery and other diseases. [120][Note 9], Petty bickering between Smith and the Council members increased dramatically, and on January 9, 1836, Smith threatened to dismiss the Council unless they agreed to revoke their approval of the Matamoros Expedition. [191], By the end of the day on March 16, the bulk of Urrea's forces began marching to Goliad to corner Fannin. To learn more read, “Success Personified in the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Four Leadership Personas for an Era of Change and Uncertainty.” Punit … [211] After adopting the constitution on March 17, delegates elected interim officers to govern the country and then adjourned. Colonists and Tejanos disagreed on whether the ultimate goal was independence or a return to the Mexican Constitution of 1824. "[153][Note 11] The letter to Smith ended, "Colonel Neill and myself have come to the solemn resolution that we will rather die in these ditches than give it up to the enemy. [188] At the battle of Refugio, an engagement markedly similar to the battle of Concepción, the Texians repulsed several attacks and inflicted heavy casualties, relying on the greater accuracy and range of their rifles. [134] According to author Will Fowler, Santa Anna financed the Texas expedition with three loans; one from the city of San Luis Potosí, and the other two loans from individuals Cayetano Rubio and Juan N. Errazo. This policy soon resulted in an almost universal hatred of the Council, as food and supplies became scarce, especially in the areas around Goliad and Béxar, where Texian troops were stationed. [132] Santa Anna transferred his presidential duties to Miguel Barragán in order to personally lead troops to put an end to the Texian revolt. "Coahuila y Tejas" comprises both Texas and the province of Coahuila. [99] Burleson resigned his leadership of the army on December 15 and returned to his home. Click the links below to learn about: Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. [78] After three Mexican infantry attacks were repulsed, Ugartechea called for a retreat. Determined to avenge Mexico's honor, Santa Anna vowed to personally retake Texas. Save. Henderson (2008), p. 100. [245] At 9 a.m. on April 21, Cos arrived with 540 reinforcements, bringing the Mexican force to 1,200 men, which outnumbered the Texians. Virtually all of the participants served as citizen-soldiers. Flashcards. Over the next decade, the Texas Rangers borrowed Mexican cavalry tactics and adopted the Spanish saddle and spurs, the riata, and the bandana. 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